The Law of Unintended Consequences bites a lot of legislation. California’s Proposition 13 locked in property taxes until a plot was sold benefiting long-term homeowners. Commercial property is generally held longer than most homes, so they benefited even more.
Proposition 14 voted in in 2010 created an open primary among candidates of all parties with the top two vote getters advancing to the the general election. The result is third party candidates almost never are in the general election. And write-ins in the general election are prohibited. Read California’s Top-Two Primary Eliminates Third-Party Rivals for the ugly details.